Intervention Tool Chart :: Reading

Looking for an intervention for your students?  The Intervention Tools Chart is designed to be used by educators as a resource to locate interventions, instructional practices, and learning strategies that can be used within an RtI process.  Please note:  the listing of specific tools is not meant as an endorsement by the NYS RtI TAC or the NYSED.  Rather, it is up to the consumer to research selected tools for evidence of effectiveness.  The chart contains three types of tools that are either free or available for purchase:  commercial programs, instructional practices, and learning strategies.

Title
Component
Tier
Grade

ClassWide Peer Tutoring

Instructional Practice
Comprehension, Oral Reading Fluency, Vocabulary
Tier I,II
1st—12th

According to What Works Clearinghouse, ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is a peer-assisted instructional strategy designed to be integrated into any existing reading curriculum. CWPT provides students with increased opportunities to practice reading skills by asking questions and receiving immediate feedback from a peer tutor. Pairs of students take turns tutoring each other to reinforce concepts and skills initially taught by the teacher. Thus, students will fulfill both the role of the tutor and tutee. The teacher creates age-appropriate materials, taking into account the students’ language skills and disabilities.

 

This is an instructional practice. An instruction practice is a teaching method that guides interactions in the classroom and supports student learning. Instructional practices involve an educator using particular method, practice, or protocol during instruction.

Oral Reading Fluency
Tier II,III
1st—5th

One foundational skill to support reading fluency is rapid recognition of sight words (NICHHD, 2000). This Direct Instruction tutoring intervention promotes student acquisition of common sight words. This simple practice can be used by teachers, support staff, paraprofessionals, or parents.

 

This is an instructional practice. An instruction practice is a teaching method that guides interactions in the classroom and supports student learning. Instructional practices involve an educator using particular method, practice, or protocol during instruction.

 

Fluency Word Cards

Instructional Practice
Oral Reading Fluency
Tier II,III
1st—5th

This instructional activity involves the use of flash cards to provide additional practice and exposure to familiar spelling patterns, blends, rimes, digraphs, etc. in words.

Folding In - Sight Word Intervention

Instructional Practice
Oral Reading Fluency
Tier II,III
Pre-K—5th

One foundational skill to support reading fluency is rapid recognition of sight words (NICHHD, 2000). Folding In is a simple tutoring intervention that promotes student acquisition of common sight words. This simple practice can be used by teachers, support staff, paraprofessionals, or parents.

 

This is an instructional practice. An instruction practice is a teaching method that guides interactions in the classroom and supports student learning. Instructional practices involve an educator using particular method, practice, or protocol during instruction.

Graphosyllabic Analysis

Instructional Practice
Phonics & Decoding
Tier I,II,III
1st—12th

Graphosyllabic analysis is a decoding strategy that uses five steps for syllable analysis. This strategy uses one syllabication rule—the need to create a separate syllable for each vowel sound.

Guess The Word

Instructional Practice
Phonemic Awareness
Tier II
K—1st

Guess the Word is an instructional practice activity that utilizes sound stretching or “snail talk” to assist students in discriminating the individual sounds in words.

Have You Ever?

Instructional Practice
Vocabulary
Tier II
1st—6th

Have You Ever? is an instructional practice that affords students the opportunity to associate newly learned words with contexts from their own personal experiences.

Neurological Impress Method

Instructional Practice
Oral Reading Fluency
Tier III
2nd—5th

The Neurological Impress Method (NIM) is a form of paired reading in which a student and teacher (or other professional) read the same text almost simultaneously. Sitting side-by-side (elbow to elbow), the teacher reads a text slightly faster and louder than the student while both follow the text with their fingers. Reading along with a more fluent reader is thought of as "an impress, an etching in of word memories on the natural process" (Heckelman, 1969). In addition, positive reinforcement from the tutor may help build students' self-confidence and enjoyment of reading.

 

This is an instructional practice. An instruction practice is a teaching method that guides interactions in the classroom and supports student learning. Instructional practices involve an educator using particular method, practice, or protocol during instruction.

Paired Reading

Instructional Practice
Oral Reading Fluency
Tier II
Pre-K—12th

In paired reading, students read aloud to each other with more fluent readers paired with those that are less fluent. Paired reading can be used with any book or text in a variety of content areas, and can be implemented in a variety of ways.

 

This is an instructional practice. An instruction practice is a teaching method that guides interactions in the classroom and supports student learning. Instructional practices involve an educator using particular method, practice, or protocol during instruction.

Partner Reading

Instructional Practice
Oral Reading Fluency
Tier I,II
3rd—12th

Partner Reading is a cooperative learning strategy in which a pair of students work together to read aloud.  The Partner Reading strategy allows students to take turns reading and provide each other with positive feedback as a way to monitor comprehension.  Partner Reading provides a model of fluent reading and helps students learn decoding skills by offering positive feedback.  It provides direct opportunities for a teacher to circulate in the class, observe students, and offer individual remediation.

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